Such a person is in fact a prophet, who knows not only what will happen in the future but also the reasons and means of what is to happen. This awareness is due to a deeper understanding of divine and logical origins of those events. Such a person possesses the skills required for transferring his information to others— a practical and visual capacity, which itself requires the ability to employ the faculty of imagination. The imaginative faculty is fully engaged with human senses, and the peak of its function is when the senses are free and resting.
In the view of Maimonides, exactly at this state, an emanation from God is received by this faculty in accordance with its talent and readiness. As already mentioned, to be a prophet, it is necessary for both the rational faculty and the imaginative faculty to attain that emanation from the Active Intellect. In this article, we focused on the Jewish encounter with Muslims, which resulted in the formation of the theological and philosophical systems in the Jewish tradition. The imprint of Islamic theology is clearly reflected in the issues discussed by these Jewish thinkers, in the positions they have taken, and in the structure and system they have chosen to present their ideas.
The titles are as follows: 1 on creation of the universe, 2 on the unity of God and other divine attributes, 3 on the divine commands, 4 on obedience and disobedience, predestination and divine justice, 5 on merits and demerits, 6 on the human soul and its eternity, 7 on the resurrection of the dead, 8 on the redemption the age of Messiah and liberation of Israel , 9 On the heavenly reward and punishment, and 10 on human obligations in this world Gaon Armstrong, Karen. History of God.
Translated by Bahaeddin Khorramshahi and Behzad Saleki. Black, Deborah L. London and New York: Routledge.
Ben-Shammai, Haggai. New York: Routledge. Boyce, Mary, and Frantz Grenet. Translated by Homayoon Sana'atizadeh. Tehran: Tous Publications. Farabi, Abu Nasr. Andishehaye ahle madineh fazeleh. Translated by Seyyed Jafar Sajadi. Tehran: Tahoori Publications. Gaon, Saadia. The Book of Beliefs and Opinions. New Haven and London: Yale University press. Gimann, Doushen. Religion of Ancient Iran.
Translated by Royaa Monajem. Tehran: Fekre Rooz Publications. Hekmat, Aliasghar.
Chapter 15. Religion
History of Religion. Tehran: Pejvaak Keyvan Publications. Madkour, Ebrahim.
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Edited by Hossein Ataay. Maktabat al-Thaqafa al-Diniyya. Rudavsky, T. Frank and Oliver Leaman, Sabourifar, Farhad. Ravabete Iran va Yahud dar doreye Hakhamaneshian. Tehran: Niktab Publications. Sirat, Colette.
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Chapter Religion – Introduction to Sociology – 2nd Canadian Edition
Harvard University Press. Shahbazi, A.
Religious Inquiries , 5 9 , Ali Shahbazi; Hamideh Amiryazdani. Religious Inquiries , 5, 9, , Religious Inquiries , ; 5 9 : Toggle navigation. Among the most important Jewish encounters with other cultures and civilizations, the encounter with Islamic culture was, in our view, the most important. This encounter was in some aspects like their encounter with the ancient civilization, but the impacts were more valuable and constructive. Under Islamic rule, the Jews not only had a sense of security but also enjoyed a relatively satisfactory freedom of thought and religion.
Their encounter with Islamic theology was more through their acquaintance with Mu'tazilite theology, which emerged at the beginning of the eighth century, and it was this encounter that resulted in theological and philosophical systematization in Jewish thought. The impacts of Mu'tazilite theology on Jewish theological thought can be found in three areas: 1 content-oriented impacts, 2 methodological impacts, and 3 systematization of theology and philosophy.
Nature and significance
Full Text. Introduction Among the most important Jewish encounters with other cultures and civilizations, three historical encounters can be highlighted, each of which were highly influential on Jewish culture and thought: 1 the encounter with Iranian culture, 2 the encounter with Greek culture, and 3 the encounter with Islamic culture. Theological Impacts of Mu'tazilites on Jewish Theological Knowledge Theological impacts of Mu'tazilites on Jewish theology can be found in three areas.
Kalam, Neo-Platonic and Aristotelian Movements To classify Jewish thinkers of the Middle Ages, we should focus on the contexts and foundations, rather than on the specific philosophical or theological schools to which they belonged.
Maimonides and Islamic Philosophy Maimonides was the most important and preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher in Spain. Maimonides and al-Farabi: Imagination Faculty and Prophecy As previously mentioned, Maimonides held al-Farabi in the highest esteem, considering his ideas in metaphysics as guides to truth. Maimonides and Prophecy Like al-Farabi, Maimonides is an eclectic thinker, who attempts to integrate two contrary views.
Conclusion In this article, we focused on the Jewish encounter with Muslims, which resulted in the formation of the theological and philosophical systems in the Jewish tradition. Leaman, Oliver Moses Maimonides. London: Routledge. Rezaee, Abdolazim.